The effectiveness of telerehabilitation as a supplement to rehabilitation in patients after total knee or hip replacement: Randomized controlled trial

  • Background: Telerehabilitation can contribute to the maintenance of successful rehabilitation regardless of location and time. The aim of this study was to investigate a specific three-month interactive telerehabilitation routine regarding its effectiveness in assisting patients with physical functionality and with returning to work compared to typical aftercare. Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate a specific three-month interactive telerehabilitation with regard to effectiveness in functioning and return to work compared to usual aftercare. Methods: From August 2016 to December 2017, 111 patients (mean 54.9 years old; SD 6.8; 54.3% female) with hip or knee replacement were enrolled in the randomized controlled trial. At discharge from inpatient rehabilitation and after three months, their distance in the 6-minute walk test was assessed as the primary endpoint. Other functional parameters, including health related quality of life, pain, and time to return to work, were secondary endpoints. Results: Patients in the intervention group performed telerehabilitation for an average of 55.0 minutes (SD 9.2) per week. Adherence was high, at over 75%, until the 7th week of the three-month intervention phase. Almost all the patients and therapists used the communication options. Both the intervention group (average difference 88.3 m; SD 57.7; P=.95) and the control group (average difference 79.6 m; SD 48.7; P=.95) increased their distance in the 6-minute-walk-test. Improvements in other functional parameters, as well as in quality of life and pain, were achieved in both groups. The higher proportion of working patients in the intervention group (64.6%; P=.01) versus the control group (46.2%) is of note. Conclusions: The effect of the investigated telerehabilitation therapy in patients following knee or hip replacement was equivalent to the usual aftercare in terms of functional testing, quality of life, and pain. Since a significantly higher return-to-work rate could be achieved, this therapy might be a promising supplement to established aftercare.

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Author:Sarah EichlerORCiD, Annett SalzwedelORCiD, Sophie RabeORCiD, Steffen MüllerORCiD, Frank MayerORCiD, Monique WochatzORCiD, Miralem HadzicORCiD, Michael JohnORCiD, Karl WegscheiderORCiD, Heinz VöllerORCiD
Parent Title (English):JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies
Publisher:JMIR Publications
Document Type:Article (specialist journals)
Date of OPUS upload:2023/03/02
Date of first Publication:2019/11/07
Publishing University:Hochschule Trier
Release Date:2023/03/02
Tag:aftercare; exercise therapy; home-based; rehabilitation; telerehabilitation; total hip replacement; total knee replacement
GND Keyword:Rehabilitation; E-Health; Telemedizin; Hüftgelenkprothese; Kniegelenkprothese; Krankengymnastik; Nachsorge
Article Number:e14236
Page Number:12
First Page:1
Last Page:12
Departments:FB Informatik + Therapiewissenschaft
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International