Status and prospects of botanical biopesticides in Europe and Mediterranean countries

  • Concerning human and environmental health, safe alternatives to synthetic pesticides are urgently needed. Many of the currently used synthetic pesticides are not authorized for application in organic agriculture. In addition, the developed resistances of various pests against classical pesticides necessitate the urgent demand for efficient and safe products with novel modes of action. Botanical pesticides are assumed to be effective against various crop pests, and they are easily biodegradable and available in high quantities and at a reasonable cost. Many of them may act by diverse yet unexplored mechanisms of action. It is therefore surprising that only few plant species have been developed for commercial usage as biopesticides. This article reviews the status of botanical pesticides, especially in Europe and Mediterranean countries, deepening their active principles and mechanisms of action. Moreover, some constraints and challenges in the development of novel biopesticides are highlighted.

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Author:Fatma Acheuk, Shereen Basiouni, Awad A. Shehata, Katie Dick, Haifa Hajri, Salma Lasram, Mete Yilmaz, Mevlüt Emekci, George Tsiamis, Marina Spona-Friedl, Helen May-Simera, Wolfgang Eisenreich, Spyridon Ntougias
URN:urn:nbn:de:hbz:tr5-1350
DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/biom12020311
Parent Title (English):Biomolecules
Publisher:MDPI
Document Type:Article (specialist journals)
Language:English
Date of OPUS upload:2022/09/13
Date of first Publication:2022/02/15
Publishing University:Hochschule Trier
Release Date:2022/09/13
Tag:Mediterranean region; bioactive substances; botanical fungicides; botanical herbicides; botanical insecticides; mechanism of action
GND Keyword:Pflanzliches Insektizid; Herbizid; Fungizid; Mittelmeerraum; Europa
Volume:12
Issue:2
Page Number:30
First Page:1
Last Page:30
Departments:FB Bauen + Leben
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 54 Chemie
5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International