A review of China’s rural water management

  • With less than 6% of total global water resources but one fifth of the global population, China is facing serious challenges for its water resources management, particularly in rural areas due to the long-standing urban-rural dualistic structure and the economic-centralized developmental policies. This paper addresses the key water crises in rural China including potable water supply, wastewater treatment and disposal, water for agricultural purposes, and environmental concerns, and then analyzes the administrative system on water resources from the perspective of characteristics of the current administrative system and regulations; finally, synthetic approaches to solve water problems in rural China are proposed with regard to institutional reform, regulation revision, economic instruments, technology innovation and capacity-building. These recommendations provide valuable insights to water managers in rural China so that they can identify the most appropriate pathways for optimizing their water resources, reducing the total wastewater discharge and improving their water-related ecosystem.

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Author:Xiaoman Yu, Yong Geng, Peter Heck, Bing Xue
URN:urn:nbn:de:hbz:tr5-1228
DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/su7055773
Parent Title (English):Sustainability
Publisher:MDPI
Document Type:Article (specialist journals)
Language:English
Date of OPUS upload:2022/09/06
Date of first Publication:2015/05/08
Publishing University:Hochschule Trier
Release Date:2022/09/06
Tag:integrated water management; rural China; water availability; water pollution
GND Keyword:Wasserwirtschaft; Wasserverschmutzung; China
Volume:7
Issue:5
Page Number:20
First Page:5773
Last Page:5792
Departments:Institute / IfaS - Institut für angewandtes Stoffstrommanagement
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 33 Wirtschaft
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International